We were staying in another Super 8 motel; however, this one was in Gettysburg, home of the famous battleground from the civil war, so the next morning we awoke and headed to the Gettysburg National Military Park Museum.

Gettysburg National Military Park Museum, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

We watched a film about the Civil War, narrated by Morgan Freeman (that man is everywhere in America) and we toured the museum. Now what was the Battle of Gettysburg I hear you say? Well below is an extract from the website Civilwar.org and all credit goes to them.

 

The Battle of Gettysburg took place on July 1-3, 1863 in and near the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This battle was one of the most important battles of the Civil War for the North. Robert E. Lee had invaded the North and was trying to defeat the Union Army once and for all. However, the Union Army held him off and sent him retreating. This was a major turning point in the war. The Leaders The Confederate Army was led by General Robert E. Lee along with General’s Longstreet and Pickett. The Union Army was led by General George Meade. The Battle The Battle took place over three days. On the first day the armies were still coming together. The Confederates outnumbered the Union the first day and caused them to retreat through the town of Gettysburg to the south side of town. General Lee wanted his men to continue the attack and finish off the Union troops. However, his men delayed and the Union had the opportunity to dig in and set up their defenses. By the second day, the armies from both sides were now at full force. The Union had around 94,000 soldiers and the Confederates around 72,000. Lee attacked and there was fierce fighting throughout the day with both sides taking heavy losses. The Union lines held. The third day, General Lee decided to make an all or nothing attack. He felt if he could win this battle, the South would win the war. He sent General Pickett, with 12,500 men, on a direct charge at the heart of the Union Army. This famous attack is called Pickett’s Charge. Pickett’s men were defeated with over half of them injured or killed. General Lee and the Confederate Army retreated. The Battle of Gettysburg was the deadliest battle of the Civil War. There were around 46,000 casualties including nearly 8,000 deaths.

After being educated on the battle, we visited a few sights including the graves of the soldiers involved in the Battle of Gettysburg and the spot where Abraham Lincoln read the Gettysburg Address. We also visited Little Round Top where the final fight scenes took place in Gettysburg. It gave amazing views over the entire battlefield and gave us a chance to imagine what it would have been like to look out and witness war.

Little Round Top Battlefield, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania